??????? NASCAR: ??????

???? ?????-??????? (Bill France Sr.) ??????? ? ??????????, ????? ???????? (Washington, D.C.), ? ??? ???, ???? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ???????. ??? ???? ??? ???????? ? Park Savings Bank ? ??????????, ? ???, ????????, ????? ?? ?? ??? ??????, ?? ????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ? ????? ?? ???. ?????? ??????????, ???? ????? ?????????? ?????, ???? ???????? ?????????? ???? ? (Ford T) ? ??????????? ? ???????????? ????? ?????????? ?????, ???? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??????. ?????? ????????? ???? ??????, ???? ? ????? ???? ?????????? ????? ??????? ???.????????????, ?????? ???? ??? ? ????????? ???????? ???, ??? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ??????????? ?? ?????? ? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ???????????.

? 1934 ???? ?????? ? ?????? ???????? ???? ???? ? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?? ??, ? 25 ????????? ? ???????. ??? ??? ???????????????, ??????????, ???? ??????? ? ????? (Tampa), ?????? ? ??????-??? (Miami Beach), ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ? ???????-??? (Daytona Beach). ?? ??????, ?? ?????????? ???????? ? ??? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????, ?????? ???????, ??? ? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ? ??????????? ???????, ??? ?????? ??? (New Smyrna Beach), ??????????? ?? ??????????, ??? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ? ??? ?? ???????? ??????? ??????, ????? ??? ???????? ? ???? ??????. ??? ?? ?????, ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ??????, ??? ? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????, ??????? ? ??? ?????? ???, ? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ?? ??? ????, ??? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ?????????.
???????, ????????????? ????? ????? ???????-??? ? ??? ???????? ???????, ??????-??? (Ormond Beach), ? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?? ???????????. ?????? ????? ????????? ? 1902 ????, ? ??????????? ??? ?????? ?? ???????? 30-? ?????. ? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ? 300 ????? ? ???, ? ??????? ????????????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ????????????. ?????? 1935 ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? (Malcolm Campbell), ??????? ??? ????? ????????? ????????? ?? ????? ?????????? ????? ????? (Bluebird) ????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????, ???????? ??????? ? 300 ????/???. ????????, ??????? ??????, ?????? ? ??????? ???????? ? ????? ?????????? ??????? ? ????????? ????????, ?? ??????? ?????? ???????? ? ???????-???.
????????? ?? ??????? ??????? ???????? 300 ????/??? ? ???????, ?????? ??? ?? ???? ????????, ???? 276,82 ???? ? ???, ? 7 ????? 1935 ?? ???????, ??? ????????? ???? ?????? ? ??????? ?????? ????????? (Bonneville Salt Flats), ???? ??? (Utah). ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ? ???????-???, ??? ? ?????? ????????? ??????? ? 300 ????. ? ????????? ?? ????? ??? ???-???? ????????? ? ????? 1935 ????.
????????????? ???????-???, ??? ?? ?????, ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ? ?????? ? ????? ??????? ????????, ? ??????? ???? ?????-??????? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ?????. ????????? ??? ? ????? 1935 ????.
????????? ????????? ????????? ???????, ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????, ? ????? ???????? ?????? ???? ????????? (Sig Haugdahl) ?????????????? ????????????? ????? ?? 3,2-??????? ??????, ??????? ???????? ? ???? ??????? ????? A1A ? ??? ?? ??????? ? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????, ??????? ????????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ???????. 78 ????????, 250 ??????? ????? ??? ????????, ???????? ??????? 1935 ? 1936 ???? ??????? ???? ????????????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????? (American Automobile Association, ???); ???????? ???? ???????? 5000 ????????, ?? ??????? 1700 ???????? ??????????? ??????????.
????? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ? ???, ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????, ?????????????? ?? ??????. ? ????? ?? ???????? ????????? ????? ???????? ? ????? ?????? ??????, ?.?. ?????????? ? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ? ????????? ?????. ???????????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ?????????. ????? ???? ??????????? ????? 75 ?????, ??????????? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? (Milt Marion). ????? ??????????? ?????, ?????? ?? ????????, ????? ??? (Ben Shaw), ????? ??????? (Tommy Elmore) ? ????? ???????? (Sam Purvis). ??? ? ????? ?????? ????????, ?? ??? ???? ?????????. ??? ???? ?????? ? ????????? ?????, ? ??????? ????? ???????-??? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? 22000 ????????.
???????? ? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ???????? ? ?? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ????. ?????? ??? ??????? ???? Daytona Beach Elks Club ??????? ?????? ? ?????????? ????? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ????? (Labor Day) ? 1937 ????. ???????? ?? ??????????? ???? ? ??????? 100 ????????, ?????? ??????????? ? ?????? ????????? ??????, Daytona Beach Elks Club ???? ???????? ? ??????. ?????? ? ???????? ????, ??????? ?????????? ??????, ??????? ? ??????? ? ?????????? ????????????? ????????????. ???????? ?????, ??? ? ???? ??????, ? ????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ? ??????????? ?????????. ????? ??????? ????, ?? ?? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ????-????? (stock car). ??????, ??????? ??????????? ?? ????????????, ???? ?? ??? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ????? ??? ????????? ?????, ???????, ????????? ?????? ? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ????????????? ??????.
? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ????? ???? (Charlie Reese) ???????? 1000 ???????? ? ???????? ????????? ????? ??????? ?????, ??? ????????? ????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????. ????? ????? (Danny Murphy) ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ? 150-??????? ?????. ? ???? ??? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????? ? ????????? ???????, ? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ????? ? 1938 ????, ?? ????? ??? ?????. ? ???? ????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? (Lloyd Moody) ? ????? ????????? (Pig Ridings). ????? ????? ?????????????? ? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ? ?????, ???? ? ???????? 1939 ????, ? ????? ? 1940-? ????: ? ?????, 4 ???? ? ????????. ??? ????? ???? ????????, ??????????????, ?? ?????????, ?????? ? ?????? ??????. ????? ????? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ? ????? ? ?? ????? ? ???? ? ??????? 1941 ????, ?? ?? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ???????. ????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????, ? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? (Daytona Boat Works), ? ?? ????? ??? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ????????????? ?? ????????????.
?????? ????? ????????? ????? ????? ????? ???????????? ? ????????? ?????, ? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????. ?? ??-???????? ??? ???????? ????? ???????????? ????? ????????????? ???????? ???????????, ???????, ?? ??? ??????, ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????. ?????? ???????? ???????? ? ?????????????, ???? ????? ?????? ???????, ??? ?????, ?????????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ????????? ? ?????? ?? ????? ???????????. ?? ????? ???????????, ??????? ????? ?????????????? ?????, ? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ?????????. ??? ????? ???? ??????????, ??????? ?????? ???????????? ???? ???????? ??????? ? ????????? ????, ??????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????, ? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????.
? ?? ????? ???????????? ????????? ???????????, ?????????? ???????????? ??????????. ??????? ???? ???, ?? ??? ???? ?????????????? ? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ? ????????? ????????, ? ????????? ??? ????-????? (champ car) (????????? AAA ???? ???????? ??? ????-???). ? ?????? ?????? ?????????? United Stock Car Racing Association, National Auto Racing league ? American Stock Car Racing Association. ? ????? ???????? (Georgia) ???????????? National Stock Car Racing Association, ?? ??? ???? ?????????????? ? ?????????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ?????, ?????????????, ?? ????? ?????????? ???????? ??????. Daytona Beach Racing Association ????????? ????? ?????? ? ???????? ?????? ? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ???????? ??????. ????? ??????? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ??????????, ??????? ? ????????????? ??? ???????????, ??? ????? ??? ? 1947 ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ? ?????? ? ????????? ??? ???????????????? ?? ???? ???? ????????.
?????? ????????? National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) ?????????? 12 ??????? 1947 ? ?????? Streamline Inn, ???????-???, ???????. ???? ?????-??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????. ?????? ????? ????? ????? (William Henry Getty France), ????????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ? ?????? ????? ???????????, ???????? ? ????????? ? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ? ????????? ??? ?????????? ? ????????????? ????? ????-?????.
?????????? ???? ???????????????? 21 ??????? 1948, ? ????? ??? ????? ????? «???????? ????» ????? (Erwin «Cannonball» Baker) ? ???????? ??????? ????????? ?????????. ????? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ???????-??? ? ??????? 1948, ?????? ????????? ???? ????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????????. ????? 14000 ???????? ????????? ?????? 150 ??????? ????? NASCAR, ? ??????? ??? ?????? (Red Byron) ???????? ???? (Teague), ???????? ?????? (Raymond Parks), ????? ?????? (Buddy Shuman) ? ????? ????????? (Wayne Pritchett).
? ?????????????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ? ?????? NASCAR ???? ??????????? ???? ?? ????? ??????????, ? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ????????????? ? ???????????: Strictly Stock (????????? ????????), Modified Series (???????????? ???????????) ? Convertible Division (????????). ???????? ?????? ??? ????????? ????????????, ?? ?? ???? ??????? ?????????? Modified Series ? Convertible Division ???? ????? ?????????, ??? ????????? Strictly Stock. ?? ?? ???????? ????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ? ??????-??????? ??????, ? ????? ?????? ? ??????, ??? ?? ?? ????????? ? Convertible Division.
????? ????? ?????????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ? ???????????? ?????? ? ?????? (??????? ???????????) ?? ???????????? ???????? ?????. ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????, ??? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??????????, ??????????? ? ??????, ?? ?? ????? ???????, ??? ???????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????? ????? ????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ??????. ??????? ???? ??????, ??? ? ??????? ? ??????????? NASCAR ?????? ????? ????? ??????????? ????? ? ??????? (Chevrolet) 30-? ????? ???? ????? ?????? (Buick). ? 1948 ???? ??? ?????? NASCAR ???? ????????? 52 ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ??? ????????????????? ?????? ? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ? ?????? Modified Series.
? ??????? 1949 ????? ??????????? 20-???????, ????????????? ????? ??? ???????? ????????? ?????? (Strictly Stock), ???????? ?? ??????. ???????, ????? ???????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????? (North Carolina), ????? ?????? ???????? ????? Strictly Stock ? ??????????? ?????. 150-???????, 200-???????? ????? ?????? ? ???? ?? ????????? ????? Charlotte Speedway (?? ?????? ? Charlotte Motor Speedway, ??? ?? Lowe’s Motor Speedway) ?????? ? 3/4 ???? ? ?????? ????????, ???????? ????????. ???????? ???? ???????? 5000 ????????, ? ????? ??????????? 33 ????????? ???????? ??????????, ?????????? ? ??? ??????? ? 1946 ????. ??? ???? (Bob Flock), ???????? ????, ????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? (Hudson) 1946 ???? ???????. ????? ?? ????? ??-?? ??????? ?????????. ???? ???? (Bill Blair) ?? ????????? (Lincoln) 49-?? ???? ????????? ? 6-?? ?? 150-? ????, ? ???? ???????? (Glen Dunnaway) ?? ????? 1947 ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ? ??????? ?????. ????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ? ?????????????????, ?? ??, ??? ?? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???????. ? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? ??????????? ? ????? ????? ?????????, ????? ?????? ? ???????? ?????. ??? ??????????? ????? ?????? (Roper) ?? ?????? ?????, ????? ????? (Fonty Flock), ?????????? ?? ???????, ?? ??????, ???? ??????? ?? ??????, ???? ????? (Sam Rice) ?? ?????????. ??? ???? (Tim Flock) ??????? ??????? ??????. ?????? ???????????? (Hubert Westmoreland), ???????? ??????????, ?? ??????? ???????? ???? ????????, ????? ??????? ? ????????? ??? ????????????? ? ??????? 10000 ????????. ?????? ????? ???????? ???????? ??????????, ??? ??????????? ???? ????? ????? ?????????, ????? ?? ??????????? ????????????? ??? ??????, ? ???????? ???.
??? ?????, ????????? ? ?????? ????, ????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????? ????????, ??? ???? ??????? ??????, ??? ?????????. ??? ?????? NASCAR ???? ????????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????????? 1949 ???? ? ?????? Strictly Stock: ?? ??? ? ???????? ???????? ? ???????????? (Pennsylvania), ?? ?????? ?? ???????, ???-????? (New York) ? ????????? (Virginia). ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ????????? Strictly Stock. ????? ???? ????????? ???? ???????? ??? Grand Nationals, ????? Winston Cup, ? ?????? ?????????? Nextel Cup Series. ?? ????? (Lee Petty) ???? ????-?????????, ? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ???? (Bob Flock), ?????? ?????? (Curtis Turner) ? ???? ???? (Jack Smith). ????? ? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ???????? (? ??? ????? ? ???, ??? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ? ????? ???????????? ?????), ?????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?? 16 ?? 45 ???????.
????? ????? ?????????? ????????, ???? ??? ?? ??????? ?????????? Strictly Stock. ?? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????, ????????, ??????? ? ????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ? ?????? ???????? ???????????. ? ?????????? ??? ???? 500 ???? ?????????????, ? NASCAR Modified Series ??????????? ??????????? ????? ?? ???????-??? ?? ??????????????? ?????? (???? ? ?????).
? 1950 ???? ??????? ?????????? (Harold Brasington) ???????? 1,25 ??????? ???? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? (Darlington), ???????????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????????, ??-?? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ????. ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ??????????????, ??????, ??? ?????????? ???????? 500 ??????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ?? ????? ?????. ?????????? ? ??????? ??? ???????? ? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ? ??????? ? ?? ?????? ????????? ?????? ???-??????? ? ???????? ?????? ???. ?? ????, ??? ????? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????????, ? ???????????, ??? 500 ??????? ????? ????? ????????? ????????????.
??????? ????????? ????? ????? ???????? ?????????. ? ????? 1949 ?????????? ????? 70-??????? ????? ? ??????? ????? (Sherman Ramsey) ? ????? ????????????? ???????????? ?? ????, ??????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ? ???????. ?????? ???? ????? ????????? ???? ? ????? ??????????? ?????, ?? ?????? ???? ? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ??????, ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????. ???? ? ???, ??? ??????????, ??????? ?????, ?????? ?????, ??? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????? ? ?????????. ??????-?? ?? ?????????? ????? ??????? ??? ???????? ????????, ?? ?? ???????? ??????????? ????? ????? ??????.
???????????? ????? ???, ????? ????????? ????? ??????. ????? 1950 ??? ????? (Sam Nunis) ??????? ???????????? 500-??????? ????? NASCAR ?? Lakewood Speedway ? ???????, ?? ?????????? ? ????? ?????? ? ???????? ? ?????????? 500-??????? ????? ?????? ? ???????????, ?? ????? ???????????? ??? ?????. ???????? ???? ?????? ?????, ???????? ???????? Southern 500, ???????? ????????? 25000 ????????, ????? ???? ??????????????? NASCAR ? ????????????? ???????????? Central States Racing Association. ? ??????? ???? ?????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????, ? ?? ????? ??? 80-?? ??????????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ???????? 75. ?? ?????? ??? ???? ????????? ? ??? ???? ?? 25 ??????????? ? ??????.
????? ?????????? ???? 9000 ???? ?? ????????? ??? ????? 6000 ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ?????, ?.?. ? ????? ????????? 15000 ???????? ????????? ?? ??????. ?????? ?????? (Johnny Mantz) ????????????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ????, ????? ???????? ?????? 500 ????. ?? ??????????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? (Plymouth) 1950 ???? ???????, ??????? ??????????? ?????????????, ?????? ? ??? ?????????? ?????. ???????? ??????? (Fireball Roberts) ???????? ????? ??????, ??? ?????? ???? ???????, ???? ???????? (Bill Rexford) ?????????. ????? Southern 500 ????? ???????????? ?????? NASCAR ? 1950-? ????, ??????????? ?? ??????????? ?????. ? 1951 ???? ??? ?????? ????? ??????????? ?? ?????????????????? ??????: ??? ?? Dayton Speedway, ???? ????? (Ohio), ? ?? ????? ?? Darlington Raceway ? Thompson Speedway, ???? ??????????? (Connecticut). ??? ??? ?? ???????, ?? ??????????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????????? ?????? ?? ????? 50-? ?????. ? 1952 ???? ?? Darlington Raceway ? ?? ????? Dayton Speedway ?????? ? ???-???? ?????? ?????? ?????, ? 1953 — ??? ?????, ?? Darlington Raceway, ? ????? ????? Raleigh Speedway ?????? ? ????, ????????????? ? ???????? ????????. ? 1954 ?? Darlington Raceway, Raleigh Speedway ? ?????? ????????? ???? ? ??????? (Linden), ??????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ????????? ???-?????? (New Jersey), ?????? ?? ????? ?????. ? 1955 ?? Darlington Raceway ?????????? ???? ?????, ? ?? Raleigh Speedway ???, ????? ?????, ? ????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ???????? Martinsville Speedway, ???? ?????????.
??????????? ?????? ? ?????????? NASCAR ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ? 1956 ???? ? ???? ??? ???? ????????? 56 ?????? Strictly Stock, 11 ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ? ??????? ?????????. ? 1957 ?? ????? 14 ?? 53, ? 1958 ??? 24 ?? 51 ?????. ????? ?????????, ? ???????? ?? ??????, ?? ????? ??????? ? ????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ??????: Watkins Glen International Raceway, Bridgehampton Raceway ? ???-?????, ? ????? Road America (Elkhart Lake) ? ?????????? (Wisconsin). ???????? ??? ????? ???????? ????? NASCAR ???????????? ? ??????? ????????????? ????????, ? ????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?????. ????? ????? ?????? ???????.

?????????? ?? ??????????????? ????? Fuel ? ?????? https://www.worldracing.info